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History of Bitcoin

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Key dates

Click on the corresponding year to know all about the history of bitcoin since its creation

  • 2008

    August 19, 2008: Satoshi Nakamoto (pseudonym) reserves the domain name bitcoin.org.
    - October 31, 2008: Announcement of the birth of Bitcoin. The first specification and proof of Bitcoin concept is published in the Cryptography mailing list by Satoshi Nakamoto.
    - November 9, 2008: In a message addressed to Satoshi Nakamoto, Hal Finney speaks for the first time of "Block Chain". Nakamoto spoke until then of "timestamp server"

  • 2009

    - January 3: creation of the first block.
    - January 11: Bitcoin 0.1.10 alpha version is available for download at sourceforge.
    - January 12: First transaction in bitcoins between Satoshi Nakamoto and Hal Finney. She is entered in block 170 and its amount is 10 BTC.
    - February 17: Announcement of the creation of Bitcoin on the site P2Pfoundation and publication of a first version of the software.
    - August: Only 1564 blocks are extracted during the month against an expected average of 4464. Hypothesis: Satoshi Nakamoto is on vacation and he disconnected his miners.
    - October 5: Publication of the first bitcoin / dollar exchange rate. A bitcoin is worth about 0.001 USD, about 0.00071 €.
    - December 30th: the difficulty of mining is now greater than 1 for the first time.

  • 2010

    - April: Laszlo Hanyecz, a Floridian developer, successfully experiments with mining by GPU (graphics processor)
    - May 21: Hanyecz buys two pizzas for 10,000 bitcoins.
    - July 11: Bitcoin version 0.3 is mentioned on the news site slashdot technology, which for a few days brings an influx of new users.
    - July 15: Satoshi Nakamoto modifies the parameters of Bitcoin Core in order to limit the mining to 990,000 bytes.
    - July 17: Creation of a Trading Card Trading Platform, named MtGox, which will become for a while the biggest bitcoin exchange place.
    - August 15: Jeff Garzik spots a strange block. A flaw in the protocol allowed the generation of 92 billion bitcoins. The bug is quickly corrected, and we return to a previous state of the Blockchain to cancel this fraudulent creation.
    - August 17: Bitcoin is worth € 0.06.
    - September 7, 2010: Satoshi Nakamoto changes the Bitcoin Core consensus rules for limit the size of blocks starting from blocks 79 400.
    - September 12: Block 79 400 is mined. Protocol now rejects blocks greater than one megabyte.
    - November 7th: Bitcoin reaches € 0.40.
    - December 12: Last message posted by Satoshi Nakamoto on the main forum. He leaves the project, announcing simply to have moved on. He passes the hand to Gavin Andresen in him trusting the alert key and giving him access to the SourceForge Bitcoin project.
    - December 23rd: Creation of bitcoin.fr.

  • 2011

    - February: Bitcoin reaches parity with the dollar and, a few days later, with the euro.
    - June: Bitcoin suddenly receives media attention, creating a speculative bubble.
    - June 10: Bitcoin goes up to 28 €. But the bubble is slowly deflating in the following months.
    - June 23: Eight days after a hack of his platform, Mark Karpeles, CEO of MTGox, sends a transaction of 424,242,42424242 bitcoins in order to prove the solvency of the company.
    - August 19: Amir Taaki sets out the guiding principles of the improvement proposals of Bitcoin (or BIP: Bitcoin Improvement Proposals) through the BIP0001.
    - December 12: A transaction of 35 bitcoins is sent with 171 bitcoins of expenses.

  • 2012

    - February 15: adoption of BIP 16, "hard fork" which solves some problems related to transactions multisignatures, after a vote of 55% of the network (550 blocks out of 1000).
    - April: launch of Satoshi Dice gambling site. In two months the number of transactions on the network will be multiplied by five.
    - September 27: The Bitcoin Foundation is created to standardize, protect and promote the Bitcoin.
    - October: The European Central Bank publishes a first report on virtual currencies, especially Bitcoin.
    - November 15: The WordPress blog hosting platform accepts bitcoins for its additional paid services.
    - November 28: Division of the reward of mining, from 50 to 25 BTC. - December 4: Meni Rosenfeld publishes the "white paper" of Colored coins, a meta-protocol that allows you to associate real assets with Bitcoin addresses.

  • 2013

    - Feb 14: Reddit community site puts in place a system to buy "Reddit Gold" with bitcoins.
    - March 12: problem related to a non-backward compatibility of version 0.8.0: the chain was separated into several versions and some remained blocked for a few hours. We advise users to go back to the previous version and one of the two versions of the blockchain is finally adopted by causing quite a few disputed transactions.
    - March 28: Cypriot banks reopen after 12 days of closure. Establishment of strict capital control that drives some savers to turn to Bitcoin.
    - April 9: The price reaches 287 euros, new historical record.
    - April 10 from 16H: collapse of the value of Bitcoin and which fell to € 39 on Thursday April 11. During the following weeks, the price will fluctuate around 80 euros.
    - June 27: Andreas Schildbach and Mike Hearn imagine payment channels unidirectional allowing for off-chain transactions.
    - July 29: Creation of the Digital Asset Transfer Authority (DATA), a new regulatory authority which sets itself the task of producing standards to ensure that cryptocurrencies evolve compliance with legislation and regulations.
    - August 16: Germany gives a status to Bitcoin, that of private currency.
    - September 6: Ben Bernanke, President of the US Federal Reserve, sends a letter to a Senate committee in which he presents Bitcoin as a fast, secure payment system and efficient.
    - 2 October: Closure of Silk Road underground site, market platform for all kinds of illicit products using Bitcoin. This news reassures investors and the course of bitcoin goes begin a new period of progression.
    - October 15: Baidu, the Chinese search engine accepts payments in Bitcoin for one of his services: Jiasule.
    - November 3, 2013: eBay's online auction platform, PayPal's parent company, expresses interest in Bitcoin. November - November: The course is racing and breaks records on 7: 234 €. On the 17th he passes the 500 mark dollars, the 18 that of 500 €.
    - November 19, 2013: The US Federal Reserve (Fed) and the US Department of Justice Justice gives rather positive opinions: the latter describes bitcoin as "legitimate" money and Former Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke says she has "potential".
    - November 21: The University of Nicosia accepts that tuition fees be paid in bitcoins and announces the opening of a Master of Economics specializing in currencies digital.
    - November 22: The CheapAir.com travel agency announces that it accepts Bitcoin for all flights from his catalog.
    - November 22: The Bitcoin network records the largest transaction ever made: 194,993 bitcoins.
    - November 28: Bitcoin passes the milestone of one thousand dollars (US) and crossed for the first time the 100,000 transactions in one day.
    - December: Surprises by the rise of Bitcoin, the central banks of China, France, Europe, Mauritius and India are panicking.
    - December 4: Bitcoin reaches a high of $ 1240 (€ 912) on MtGox $ 1175 (€ 864) on Bitfinex, $ 1153 (€ 848) on Bitstamp and € 850 on Bitcoin-Central.
    - December 5: The Central Bank of China announces that it is encouraging financial institutions and banks in the country not to use the electronic currency. The price of bitcoin falls sharply. In the wake, the same day, the Bank of France publishes a note quite hostile to Bitcoin.
    - December 6: Alan Greenspan, former Fed President, and one of the main officials of the 2007-2011 financial crisis that led the world into recession, calls Bitcoin " speculative bubble ".
    - December 10: Apple forbids the use of bitcoins via its applications.
    - December 12: The European Banking Authority (EBA) warns users in turn of Bitcoin in a document entitledWarning to consumers on virtual currencies.
    - December 18: The Bank of Mauritius (central bank of Mauritius) warns the public the risks associated with virtual currencies, particularly Bitcoin.
    - December 24: The Reserve Bank of India, in turn, communicates around virtual currencies, especially Bitcoin.

  • 2014


    - January 4: Zynga, who makes social games (FarmVille 2, CastleVille, ChefVille, CoasterVille, Hidden Chronicles, Hidden Shadows and CityVille), decides to test Bitcoin for the payment of In-game purchases
    - January 10: The American Overstock.com becomes the largest company that accepts Bitcoin.
    - January 15: The French Senate organizes a hearing on issues related to the development of Bitcoin type virtual currencies.
    - January 21: The University of Cumbria in England now accepts tuition fees be paid in bitcoins.
    - January 23: TigerDirect, a US computer hardware giant, adopts Bitcoin.
    - January 27: The Central Bank of the Russian Federation publishes a warning against Bitcoin.
    - January 29: ACPR sets the framework in which it is authorized to sell bitcoins in France.
    - February 7: The Japanese exchange platform Mt.Gox is no longer able to manage the influx of Withdrawal requests and freezes bitcoin holdings. The course falls.
    - February 10: Mt.Gox Platform Leaders Alert Community on Problem "malleability of transactions" that cause serious dysfunctions on the platform.
    - February 11: The Bitcoin network is the victim of a massive and concerted attack launched on many exchange platforms.
    - February 13: The owner of the self-proclaimed "Silk Road 2" black market platform announces the Bitcoins deposited by its customers have been stolen.
    - February 25: Closure of MtGox, the oldest exchange platform.
    - February 28: MtGox officially declares bankruptcy.
    - 3 March: HMRC, the UK government department responsible for collecting taxes, publishes a document concerning the tax treatment of crypto-currencies deemed very favorable to Bitcoin.
    - March 6: Newsweek reporter Leah McGrath Goodman claims to have found Satoshi Nakamoto. The day after this revelation a laconic message is from the original account of the creator of Bitcoin, inactive for more than 4 years belies this information.
    - March: Mastercard hires five lobbyists who will focus on Bitcoin. the Bitcoin Foundation replies by engaging Jim Harper as a "Global Policy Advisor".
    - March 14: Release of Bitcoin Core 9.0 which introduces OP_RETURN. This script can store 80 bytes of arbitrary data or metadata, making it easier to create non-standard applications currency on the Bitcoin blockchain.
    - March 23: The Vircurex historical platform suspends its operations in its turn.
    - March 25: The United States gives a tax status to Bitcoin.
    - March 27: The Chinese press suggests that the Central Bank of China will ban all banks to keep accounts for bitcoin exchange platforms at from April 15th. The course falls.
    - April 8: The French brand Monoprix announces that it plans to accept Bitcoin. The project will be however buried a few months later.
    - April 8: Gavin Andresen leaves his position as chief developer. Wladimir J. van der Laan him succeeds.
    - April 24: Launch of the liquidation procedure of the MtGox platform.
    - April 26: Xapo, an online wallet service, launches a Bitcoin credit card.
    - April 30: The Bloomberg Economic and Financial Information Website now displays the course bitcoin.
    - May 9: The Federal Reserve Council of the United States (FED) presents Bitcoin "as a bargain "for the economy.
    - May 13: Inauguration in Paris of the House of Bitcoin.
    - 14 May: The Economic Affairs Committee of the National Assembly devotes a chapter to Bitcoin in a report on the development of the French digital economy.
    - May 29: US satellite service provider Dish becomes the largest company to the world to accept Bitcoin.
    - June 11: Google Finance posts the course of bitcoin.
    - 13th June: Ghash.io Miners' Cooperative Gathers 51% of Mining Power of Bitcoin. The power falls again the next day following the mobilization of the community.
    - June 24: The Governor of California promulgates a law that lifts legislative obstacles to the use of Bitcoin in that state.
    - June 27: The United States Marshals Service (USMS) auctioned 29,656 bitcoins seized at the closure of Silk Road in October 2013.
    - June 30: Paymium launches the first solution to accept payments in bitcoins made in La France.
    - 4 July: The European Banking Authority and the Autorité des Marchés Financiers warn against so-called virtual currencies, notably Bitcoin, but also evoke a possible regulation.
    - 6 of July: Declaration of the Prime Minister, Manuel Vals declares to want to fix in the right French "the legal and security conditions in which transactions can be carried out decentralized financial resources on the Internet ".
    - July 11: In France, Tracfin publishes a report on "the virtual currency framework" and the Minister of Finance and Public Accounts announces concrete measures.
    - July 11: The Official Public Finance Bulletin sets the tax regime for bitcoin in France.
    - July 18: Dell, Computer and Peripheral Builder, Becomes Largest Company of the world adopting Bitcoin.
    - July 23: In France, the Senate Finance Committee publishes a report on the issues related the development of Bitcoin and other virtual currencies.
    - July 30: Wikipedia accepts donations in bitcoins.
    - September 8: Braintree, an eBay affiliate owned by PayPal, officially adopts Bitcoin.
    - September 23: Paypal Enables North American Digital Goods Merchants From Its network to accept payments in bitcoins.
    - October 1st: The Bitcoin France association officially represents the Bitcoin Foundation in La France.
    - 22 October: Publication of a white paper on "sidechains".
    - November 18: The United States Marshals Service (USMS) announces the sale of 50,000 bitcoins seized from Ross Ulbricht's computer at the Silk Road closure in October 2013.
    - November 21 and 22: First major international conference on Bitcoin in France (Inside Bitcoin Paris).
    - December 11: Microsoft accepts payments in bitcoins on its retail platforms United States.

  • 2015

    - January 5: Theft of 18,864 bitcoins on the Slovenian Bitstamp platform.
    - January 14: New bitcoin crash that falls momentarily below the € 155 mark.
    - February 18: US military plans to use "blockchain technology."
    - February 19: Ledger, a French company specializing in Bitcoin portfolios secured by smart card, announces a raise of 1.3 million euros for the development of its activities.
    - February 23: Joseph Poon and Thaddeus Dryja publish the Lightning Network white paper high-frequency transaction network based on Bitcoin.
    - 3 March: The ECB publishes a new report on "virtual currencies" aimed at essentially Bitcoin.
    - March 10: The price of bitcoin starts again and reaches 275 €.
    - March 12: Record raising of funds for a bitcoin start-up: $ 116 million.
    - March 13: Reuters news agency reveals that IBM plans to take inspiration from the Bitcoin blockchain to create a payment system.
    - 2 April: The Swiss banking group UBS announces the opening of a research laboratory research devoted to the potential of the blockchain.
    - April 9: Orange announces it wants to invest in bitcoin startups.
    - 15 April: In France, the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (EESC) adopts unanimously an opinion on the macro-economic, financial and societal stakes currencies ".
    - May 19: The New York Stock Exchange includes the bitcoin price under the NYXBT index.
    - May 21: Bitcoin enters the Le Petit Robert and Larousse dictionaries.
    - July 24: BNP Paribas plans to integrate Bitcoin into one of its foreign exchange funds.
    - August 1: Arrest of Mark Karpeles, former CEO of Mtgox.
    - August 8: protest of many "exchanges" who refuse to bow to the new regulations and close their services to the residents of that State.
    - August 15: Mike Hearn and Gavin Andresen launch Bitcoin XT, a competing version of Bitcoin Core that modifies the Bitcoin protocol to increase the maximum size of the blocks. The initiative worries the markets and the price drops for several days.
    - August 18: launch of the new version of bitcoin.fr.
    - 15 September: nine investment banks join forces to set standards implementation of a future private blockchain.
    - September 17: Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), which regulates stock exchanges American trade, equates bitcoin with a commodity, just like gold, wheat or oil.
    - October 10: Blockstream launches the first sidechain.
    - 12th of October: Luxembourg is the first country to recognize trade on a national scale bitcoins, by granting a payment institution license to SnapSwap International.
    - 22 October: The Court of Justice of the European Union decides in favor of an exemption of VAT on euro / bitcoin trade.
    - November 3rd: The Unicode Consortium announces that Bitcoin will benefit from its symbol Unicode in the next version of the alphanumeric coding standard expected characters for 2016.
    - November 19: Sergio Demian Lerner publishes the "White Paper" of Rootstock, a platform smart contracts backed by the Bitcoin protocol.
    - December 7: Pieter Wuille announces the concept of "Segregated witness" at the end of the second day of the Scaling Bitcoin workshop in Hong Kong.

  • 2016

    - February 20th: discussion between the main mining cooperatives and Bitcoin developers Core around a roadmap that plans the improvements needed for an increase the capacity of the Bitcoin network.
    - April 4: opening of OpenBazaar, decentralized market running with Bitcoin.
    - April 25: Bitcamp bitcoin trading platform gets approval as than payment institution.
    - May 2: Gavin Andresen says Australian entrepreneur Craig Steven Wright would be the true father of Bitcoin but no evidence is brought and a bundle of clues tends to prove he's a crook.
    - 3 May: The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament publishes a report on "virtual currencies" (+ amendments) presented as "likely to contribute positively to the well-being of citizens and economic development. " - May 3: An order amending the Monetary and Financial Code allows the registration of "Minibons" in a "shared electronic registration device allowing authentication of these operations. " - May 13: Laure de La Raudière MP presents amendment calling for recognition by the law of "permanent and unfalsifiable decentralized registers of chain of blocks of transactions. "
    - May 26: Marine Le Pen calls for the ban on Bitcoin.
    - May 28: Bankruptcy of KnCMiner (mining equipment and mining cooperative).
    - June 16: Bitcoin reaches 5000 yuan.
    - June 17: "The DAO", first decentralized autonomous organization on a blockchain, underwent a major attack.
    - June 20: Australian authorities auction 24,518 bitcoins seized to former user of Silkroad.
    - June 21: MP Debré asks "the prohibition of bitcoins".
    - July 5: The European Commission proposes to include currency exchange platforms virtual appliances "and storage portfolio service providers in the scope of the Anti-Money Laundering Directive.
    - July 9: Second "halving" bitcoin. The course at 590 €.
    - July 19: MimbleWimble White Paper Published.
    - August 2: The Bitfinex platform is the victim of a theft of 119,756 bitcoins.
    - September 26: The company Acinq announces the success of a test of the algorithm of Flare routing designed by Bitfury to optimize the cost and speed of future Bitcoin Lightning Network.
    - October 5: Blockstream announces the success of a first end-to-end transaction on a test network of payment channels.
    - October 27: Release of Bitcoin Core 0.13.1 which incorporates the Segwit code.
    - November 11: The Swiss Federal Railways test, for a period of two years, the selling bitcoins on all their automatic ticket vending machines.
    - November 15: start of adoption of Segwit.
    - December: Segwit stagnates at 25% of adoption.
    - December 24: bitcoin reaches € 887, the highest level reached in euros.

  • 2017

    - January 1st: Bitcoin reaches $ 1,000 and, at € 950, beats a new historical record in euros.
    - January 4th: The bitcoin exceeds 1000 € with a peak at 1087 € on January 5th. Record of capitalization Scholar: $ 18.5 billion.
    - from January 5th to February 8th: strong instability of the price which will go down to 716 € on January 12th after a series of measures taken by the Chinese authorities against the country's trading platforms : Inspections, end of margin loans and no-cost exchanges, administrative closures ...
    - February 23: new record in euros with a peak at 1105 €.
    - February 25: an anonymous developer with the pseudonym Shaolinfry, proposes on the list of Bitcoin-devs broadcast, a user activated soft fork (UASF) enabled user. - February 24: new record in dollars with a peak at $ 1222.
    - March 10: With a peak at 1227 € / 1340 $, bitcoin reached its highest level since its creation. The total value of the money supply then approaches 20 billion euros and exceeds the $ 20 billion.
    - March 12: Publication of Proposition 148, a UASF (User Activated Soft Fork) programmed at August 1, 2017. BIP 148 triggers Segwit whatever its level of adoption by minors and stops relaying non-Segwit blocks to force recalcitrant miners to adopt Segwit.
    - March 10th and 29th: The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Rejects Amendment Request regulatory framework that would have made possible the creation of the first Bitcoin ETF. A request of the same type, issued by SolidX Bitcoin Trust, will also be rejected on March 29.
    - April 1: Japan recognizes bitcoin and so-called "virtual" currencies as means of legal payment.
    - April 14: Publication of Proposal 149 (Segregated Witness Second Deployment) is an alternative User Activated Soft Fork (UASF) that will only be deployed on November 15, 2017 in case of the failure of the Bip 9.
    - May 10: Segwit, which is still only 40% on Bitcoin, is activated on Litecoin.
    - May 11: bitcoin breaks 10,000 yuan mark.
    - May 14: Swedish online bank Skandiabanken now allows customers to buy bitcoins.
    - May 16: With the rise of several competitors, Bitcoin now represents less than 50% of the money supply of all outstanding cryptocurrencies.
    - May 1st to 21st: The bitcoin price breaks a series of historical records with a peak at € 1850 and $ 2063 on May 21st.
    - May 23: Digital Currency Group obtains an agreement signed by 56 companies gathering more than 83% of the computing power of the Bitcoin network: an activation of Segwit at 80% and a "hard" fork "for an increase of the maximum block size to 2MB.
    - May 24-25: The bitcoin price breaks new historical records with a record high € 2406 and $ 2760 on May 25th.
    - June 9: Bitcoin now accounts for less than 45% of the money supply of all crypto- currencies in circulation versus 25% for Ethereum. - June 6: Bitcoin withdrawals are again possible on Chinese platforms. The lesson reached new high at 2603 € and 2933 $.
    - June 12: New historic record with a peak of € 2618 and $ 2980.
    - June 30: release of "btc1 Core 1.14.3", Segwit2X client software from the New York agreement. - July 16: stall of the course which falls temporarily to 1610 €. - July 21: Lock BIP 91 which allows to activate Segwit (BIP 141) with the support of 80% of network only instead of the 95% required by the BIP 141.
    - July 22: Announcement of a Bitcoin spur project under the name "Bitcoin cash".
    - July 23rd: Activation of the BIP 91. Now all the blocks signal the BIP 141 (Segwit).
    - July 26: Announcement of a new bitcoin branch project under the name «Bitcoin Gold ".
    - July 27: Beginning of the 2016 block period after which Segwit will be activated.
    - August 1st: A "fork" of Bitcoin gives birth to Bcash, an alternative cryptocurrency.
    - August 9: Segwit lock.
    - from August 5th to 17th: Bitcoin breaks new historical records with a peak of € 3849 and $ 4492 on August 17.
    - August 24th: Activation of Segwit at 3:57 am (Paris time) at block 481824.
    - August 30 to September 2: New value records with a peak at 4174 € and 4970 $ the 2 September.
    - September 4: Chinese authorities ban ICOs.
    - September 14 and 15: sharp drop in price after the announcement of the closing of the platforms Chinese BTCC and ViaBTC.
    - September 30: The Managing Director of the IMF invites the Bank of England to take an interest in Bitcoin and what it calls "virtual currencies".
    - October 10: The Ministry of Economy and Finance lists Bitcoin in its list alternative means of payment.

Bitcoin in video

Bitcoin chart

Période Changement (USD) Changement (%)
Aujourd’hui$1,069.987.80%
7 derniers jours+$4,862.43+49.03%
30 derniers jours+$7,660.17+107.60%
6 derniers mois+$11,953.94+423.14%
Dernière année+$14,015.07+1,834.68%
2 dernières années+$14,360.83+3,434.49%
5 dernières années+$14,765.55+110,025.61%

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